Location: Temple of Literature
is located on Van Mieu Street, 2km west of Hoan Kiem Lake.
Characteristic: Van Mieu - Quoc Tu Giam is a famous historical and cultural
relic consisting of the Temple of Literature and Vietnam’s first university.
The Temple of Literature was built in 1070 in honor of Confucius, his
followers and Chu Van An, a moral figure in Vietnamese education.
Quoc Tu Giam, or Vietnam's
first university, was built in 1076. Throughout its hundreds of years of
activity in the feudal, thousands of Vietnamese scholars graduated from this
In 1483 Quoc Tu Giam was changed into Thai Hoc Vien (Higher Educational
Institute). After decades of war and natural disasters, the former
construction was completely destroyed. In preparation for the celebration of
the 1000th anniversary of Thang Long (present day Hanoi) another
construction has been built following the model of the previous Thai Hoc
Vien on the same ground. The work includes the front hall, the back
sanctuary, lean-tos on the left and on the right, the courtyard, and
This site preserves historical vestiges of a 1,000-year-old civilization
such as statues of Confucius and his disciples (Yan Hui, Zengshen, Zisi,
Mencius), and ancient constructions such as Khue Van Cac (Pavilion of the
Constellation of Literature) and the Worshipping Hall.